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[1] H. A. Krebs, H. L. Kornberg, and K. Burton, A Survey of the Energy Transformations in Living Matter, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1957.

[2] R. A. Alberty, "Effect of pH and metal ion concentration on the equilibrium hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate to adenosine diphosphate," Journal of Biological Chemistry, 243, 1968 pp. 1337-1343.

[3] R. A. Alberty, "Standard Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy changes as a function of pH and pMg for several reactions involving adenosine phosphates," Journal of Biological Chemistry, 244, 1969 pp. 3290-3302.

[4] R. N. Goldberg and Y. B. Tewari, "Thermodynamics of the disproportionation of adenosine 5'-diphosphate to adenosine 5'-triphosphate and adenosine 5'-monophosphate I: Equilibrium model," Biophysical Chemistry, 40, 1991 pp. 241-261.

[5] R. A. Alberty, "Determination of the seven apparent equilibrium constants for the binding of oxygen by hemoglobin from measured fractional saturations," Biophysical Chemistry, 63, 1997 pp. 119-132.

[6] R. A. Alberty and F. J. Krambeck, "Calculation of equilibrium compositions of reaction systems including cases where the chemical potential of a species is specified," submitted to Mathematica in Education and Research.

[7] M. Klein, "Practical treatment of coupled gas equilibrium," in Physical Chemistry, Vol. 1 (H. Eyring, W. Jost, and D. Henderson, eds.), New York: Academic, 1971.

[8] W. R. Smith and R. W. Missen, Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Analysis, New York: Wiley, 1982.

[9] R. A. Alberty, A. Cornish-Bowden, Q. H. Gibson, R. N. Goldberg, G. G. Hammes, W. Jencks, K. F. Tipton, R. Veech, H. V. Westerhoff, and E. C. Webb, "Recommendations for nomenclature and tables in biochemical thermodynamics," Pure and Applied Chemistry, 66, 1994 pp. 1641-1666. Also published in European Journal of Biochemistry, 240, 1996 pp. 1-14.

[10]  I. Mills, T. Cvitas, K. Homann, N. Kallay, and K. Kuchitsu, Quantities, Units, and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed., Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.

[11] S. Wolfram, The Mathematica Book, 3rd ed., Champaign, IL: Wolfram Media and Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

[12] E. C. W. Clarke and D. N. Glew, "Evaluation of Debye-Hückel limiting slopes for water between 0 and 150 [Graphics:../Images/index_gr_470.gif]C," Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions I, 76, 1980 pp. 1911-1916.

[13] R. A. Alberty and R. N. Goldberg, "Standard thermodynamic formation properties for the adenosine 5'-triphosphate series," Biochemistry, 31, 1992 pp. 10610-10615.

[14] R. A. Alberty and R. N. Goldberg, "Calorimetric determination of the standard transformed enthalpy of a biochemical reaction at specified pH and pMg," Biophysical Chemistry, 47, 1993 pp. 213-223.

[15] K. S. Pitzer, "Ion interaction approach: Theory and data correlation," in Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions, 2nd ed. (K. S. Pitzer, ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC, 1991.

[16] J.-P. Simonin, O. Bernard, and L. Blum, "Real ionic solutions in the mean spherical approximation: 3. Osmotic and activity coefficients for associating electrolytes in the primitive model," Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 102, 1998 pp. 4411-4417.

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