This article presents new symbolic solutions for the problem of pore elasticity and pore pressure. These techniques are based on the classic theoretical approach proposed by M. A. Biot . The new symbolic solutions differ from the well-known approximations of the functions proposed for the 2D pore elasticity problem. Both new symbolic and numerical solutions are then applied to solve problems arising in offshore design technology, specifically dealing with the penetration of a gravity-based rig installed in the Arctic region of the North Sea of Russia. All symbolic approaches are based on solutions of the linear problem of the pore elasticity for homogeneous soil. The new symbolic solutions are compared with Biot’s solutions. Read More »
CURRENT ARTICLES: VOLUME 17
Assume that a spacecraft is in a circular orbit and consider the problem of finding the largest possible circular orbit to which the spacecraft can be transferred with constant thrust during a set time, so that the variable parameter is the thrust-direction angle . Also assume that there is only one center of attraction at the common center of the two circular orbits. Finally, assume normalized values for all constants and variables.
This article is divided into five sections: the orbit transfer problem, equations of motion, the optimal control problem, necessary conditions for the Mayer problem, and a dynamic approach to the maximal orbit transfer problem using Mathematica’s built-in Manipulate function.
The Earth-Mars orbit transfer problem is timely, given the successful flight and smooth landing of the American Curiosity rover on Mars. Read More »
Applying the Formal and General Approach to Problems in the Biological Sciences
A formal, axiomatic conceptualization of buffering action—generally applicable to any physical, chemical, or biological process—was first presented by B. M. Schmitt in 2005 [1, 2]. This article provides a series of tools designed to aid in the application of these concepts to both classical and non-classical buffering phenomena. To illustrate the utility of the approach in the biological sciences, an abstract measure of the magnitude of “genetic” buffering associated with an allele of the gene encoding the heat shock protein Hsp90 is determined. Read More »
This article describes the implementation of RIFA, a computational biology algorithm designed to identify the genes most directly responsible for creating differences in phenotype between two biological states, for example, tumorous liver tissue versus cirrhotic liver tissue. Read More »
There exists a range of explicit and approximate solutions to the cubic polynomial Rayleigh equation for the speed of surface waves across an elastic half-space. This article presents an alternative approach that uses Padé approximants to estimate the Rayleigh wave speed with five different approximations derived for two expansions about different points. Maximum relative absolute errors of between 0.34% and 0.00011% occur for the full range of the Poisson ratio from to 0.5. Even smaller errors occur when the Poisson ratio is restricted within a range of 0 to 0.5. For higher-order approximants, the derived expressions for the Rayleigh wave speed are more accurate than previously published solutions, but incur a slight cost in extra arithmetic operations, depending on the desired accuracy. Read More »